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Dosimetric evaluation of iodine-125 brachytherapy for brain tumors using MR guidance combined with a three-dimensional non co-planar template

Published:January 09, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brachy.2022.11.008

      Abstract

      PURPOSE

      To investigate the consistency between preoperative and postoperative dosimetry when 125I brachytherapy for brain tumors is performed with magnetic resonance (MR) guidance and a three-dimensional non co-planar template (3DNPT).

      METHODS AND MATERIALS

      Thirty patients with brain tumors (metastatic or gliomas) underwent radioactive 125I seed implantation. A preoperative treatment plan was determined with MR imaging, and the operation was done under 3DNPT assistance and MR guidance. The dosimetry was verified postoperatively based on postoperative CT–MR fusion images. Postoperative dosimetric parameters and implant quality indices were defined and compared with those in the preoperative treatment plan. Furthermore, a comparison of preoperative and postoperative doses to normal brain tissues and organs at risk was also performed.

      RESULTS

      All mean postoperative dosimetries were calculated. Target coverage parameters D90, D100, %CTV100, %CTV150, and %CTV200 were 143.6 cGy, 76.6 cGy, 88.2%, 63.1%, and 41.4%, respectively. The values of implant quality indices CI, EI, and HI were 0.75, 0.14, and 0.28, respectively. No significant differences between most preoperative and postoperative dosimetric parameters were found (p > 0.05). The differences were also insignificant for organs at risk. Postoperative %CTV150 and %CTV200 were higher than the preoperative, whereas postoperative HI was significantly lower than in the treatment plan.

      CONCLUSIONS

      Magnetic resonance guidance combined with 3DNPT allows accurate positioning and direction in 125I brachytherapy for brain tumors. However, seed distribution and dose homogeneity require further improvement.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations:

      CI (coverage index), D (dose), EI (external volume index), HI (relative dose homogeneity index), V (target or tumor volume)
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