Research Article| Volume 21, ISSUE 6, P754-763, November 2022

Feasibility of using polytetrafluoroethylene flexible implant tube for interstitial brachytherapy patients

Published:September 07, 2022DOI:



      To design the different Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) based flexible implant tubes using an in-house developed device and to evaluate them for High dose rate (HDR) interstitial brachytherapy using computer tomography images.


      PTFE hollow tube having a 2 mm (6 French) outer diameter (OD) and 1.4 mm inner diameter (ID) was used to design in-house single and/or double leader flexible catheters for interstitial brachytherapy implant. An in-house Plastic Wire Drawing Plate (PWDP) machine was developed. Customization of PTFE hollow flexible implant tube (FIT) was done through PWDP. Different percentages of BaSO4 (5%, 10%, & 15%) were added to Nylon 6 to make radiopaque button. Various quality assurance tests were performed with the PTFE tubes implanted in the brinjal (phantom) before using them on the patients. That is, coupling of brachytherapy machine transfer tube with flexible PTFE Tubes, CT scan artifacts, tube kinks, breast template, and free-hand compatibility.


      With the help of the PWDP machine, plastic wires of different lengths were made for single leader and double leader tubes. The different plastic leader ends of 1 cm to 50 cm lengths having 1 mm diameter were created. The radiopaque button of Nylon 6 in circular shape having 1 cm diameter and 0.5 cm thick was created. Developed radiopaque buttons were visible on CT scan images as well as on radiograph images.


      PTFE tubes of the desired length can be made depending upon the size of the brachytherapy implant and are inexpensive than commercially available flexible implant tubes.


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